How to differentiate between coronavirus and seasonal flu?

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How to differentiate between coronavirus and seasonal flu?

As the COVID-19 hit the world, a dilemma regarding the difference between seasonal flu and coronavirus set in. Being full in force seasonal flu is growing anxiety among people as it has become quite a task to differentiate between the two.

Many people have signaled to the hundreds of thousands of deaths due to seasonal flu every year in an attempt to suppress anxiety but coronavirus is simply more malignant, more contagious and unmanageable. 

Sore throat, fever, cough; although they present almost similar symptoms health experts believe the coronavirus is a lot, unlike the seasonal flu with reference to the threat it poses.

Here is the potential comparison of the two.

Symptoms like runny nose, diarrhea are rare for coronavirus while fever, dry cough and shortness of breath (being almost absent in flu) are most common for coronavirus.

COVID-19 can be spread through an aerosol and can cause the disease in others even when the carrier of the virus is not there anymore.

Older people, children and people of all ages with serious or chronic other diseases like heart disease, diabetes, etc are more prone to coronavirus.

The mortality rate of coronavirus is about 2-3.4 percent which is about 20 times higher than that of flu which is 0.1 percent according to the World Health Organization.

Experts say the reproduction rate of the novel coronavirus is double the rate of seasonal flu as we are not immune to it. For COVID-19 that number is 2-2.5 and for seasonal flu, it is estimated around 1.3 which makes coronavirus more contagious.

The flu is caused by the influenza virus which is also contagious and affects the nose, throat, and lungs at times while in case of COVID-19, people may develop only minor symptoms such as cough, fever or tiredness and sore throat but it may cause pneumonia and serious lung damage, kidney failure in others.

The symptoms of seasonal flu happen to be more and they appear more suddenly (incubation period is 1-4 days) whereas the coronavirus is slow in showing symptoms. It can take anywhere between 2 to 14 days after exposure to exhibit the symptoms.

Antiviral treatment for seasonal flu is available and is effective within 48 hours of onset even in complicated flu conditions as the flu is as old as about 2000 years, while no antiviral treatment is available for coronavirus at this time.

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